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Move validation messages to the component class in reactive form

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In this video we will discuss, how to move validation messages to the component class. There are several benefits to this
  • Easily unit test validation logic
  • Instead of hard-coding validation messages in the application, we can load them from an external source like a database or a file.
  • Change validation dynamically at run-time based on the decisions made in code or user selections

In this video let's move the validation messages to the component class and in our next video we will discuss moving the logic to show and hide these messages.

Changes in create-employee.component.ts file : 

// This object will hold the messages to be displayed to the user
// Notice, each key in this object has the same name as the
// corresponding form control
formErrors = {
  'fullName': '',
  'email': '',
  'skillName': '',
  'experienceInYears': '',
  'proficiency': ''

// This object contains all the validation messages for this form
validationMessages = {
  'fullName': {
    'required': 'Full Name is required.',
    'minlength': 'Full Name must be greater than 2 characters.',
    'maxlength': 'Full Name must be less than 10 characters.'
  'email': {
    'required': 'Email is required.'
  'skillName': {
    'required': 'Skill Name is required.',
  'experienceInYears': {
    'required': 'Experience is required.',
  'proficiency': {
    'required': 'Proficiency is required.',

ngOnInit() {
  // Modify the code to include required validators on
  // all form controls
  this.employeeForm ={
    fullName: ['', [Validators.required,
    Validators.minLength(2), Validators.maxLength(10)]],
    email: ['', Validators.required],
      skillName: ['', Validators.required],
      experienceInYears: ['', Validators.required],
      proficiency: ['', Validators.required]

logValidationErrors(group: FormGroup): void {
  // Loop through each control key in the FormGroup
  Object.keys(group.controls).forEach((key: string) => {
    // Get the control. The control can be a nested form group
    const abstractControl = group.get(key);
    // If the control is nested form group, recursively call
    // this same method
    if (abstractControl instanceof FormGroup) {
      // If the control is a FormControl
    } else {
      // Clear the existing validation errors
      this.formErrors[key] = '';
      if (abstractControl && !abstractControl.valid) {
        // Get all the validation messages of the form control
        // that has failed the validation
        const messages = this.validationMessages[key];
        // Find which validation has failed. For example required,
        // minlength or maxlength. Store that error message in the
        // formErrors object. The UI will bind to this object to
        // display the validation errors
        for (const errorKey in abstractControl.errors) {
          if (errorKey) {
            this.formErrors[key] += messages[errorKey] + ' ';

onLoadDataClick(): void {

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1 comment:

  1. Sir it will be really great if you can push all your code on GIT...then we can pull it easily and start developinng on the same in case of any doubt...


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