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Bootstrap 3 grid classes

Suggested Video Tutorials
Part 1 - What is bootstrap
Part 2 - Setting up bootstrap
Part 3 - Bootstrap grid system



In this video we will discuss Bootstrap 3 grid classes and their use.



Here are the different grid classes that are available in Bootstrap 3
bootstrap 3 grid classes

Grid classes for a given screen size apply to that screen size and larger unless another declaration overrides it. Let us understand what we mean by this statement with an example.

For example, we want four equal columns on both medium and large devices. 
bootstrap 3 column classes

For medium devices the class that we use is col-md-*. Since we want 4 equal columns, we would use four col-md-4 columns as shown below. So with the following HTML we get four equal columns on both medium and large devices. This is because col-md-* class is applied to both medum and large deives as we have not used col-lg-*.

<div class="container">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-md-3">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 1</div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-md-3">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 2</div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-md-3">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 3</div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-md-3">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 4</div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

If you want, you can change this on a large device by using col-lg-* class along with col-md-* class. Let us say on a large deive we want just 2 columns in every row with 3:1 ratio.
bootstrap 3 grid classes example

To achieve this we would modify our HTML as shown below. So with these 2 classes in places we get 4 equal columns on a medium device and 2 columns with 3:1 ratio on a large device.

<div class="container">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-md-3 col-lg-9">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 1</div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-md-3 col-lg-3">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 2</div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-md-3 col-lg-9">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 3</div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-md-3 col-lg-3">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 4</div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

However, on a small device notice the columns are stacked on top of each other with each column spanning across the 12 column grid system. If you want you can change this default behaviour using col-sm-* class. Let us say on a small device we want 2 equal columns in every row.
bootstrap 3 column classes example

To achieve this we would modify our HTML as shown below. So with these 3 classes in places we get 4 equal columns on a medium device, 2 columns with 3:1 ratio on a large device and 2 equal columns on a small device.

<div class="container">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-md-3 col-lg-9 col-sm-6">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 1</div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-md-3 col-lg-3 col-sm-6">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 2</div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-md-3 col-lg-9 col-sm-6">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 3</div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-md-3 col-lg-3 col-sm-6">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 4</div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

On an extra small device, the columns are stacked on top of each other with each column spanning across the 12 column grid system. If you want you can change this default behaviour very easily using col-xs-* class. 

Now, if you remove all the grid classes except col-sm-6. In other words if we modify the code as shown below, we get 2 eqaul columns on small, medium and large devices. This is because grid classes for a given screen size apply to that screen size and larger unless another declaration overrides it.

<div class="container">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-sm-6">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 1</div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-sm-6">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 2</div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-sm-6">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 3</div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-sm-6">
            <div class="customDiv">Column 4</div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

By now I believe you have understood the use of these grid classes. With these classes, you have complete control over the layout of your website on different screen sizes.

bootstrap tutorial for beginners

4 comments:

  1. This GridDemo program is working in IE, but not in Chrome and Firefox.
    What is the problem.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Reset your screen zoom size to default in Chrome and Firefox, the demo works well.

      Delete
  2. Hi Venkat Sir Please make few videos on iOS Programming in Swift as it is like a C# ...

    ReplyDelete
  3. At your service man

    ReplyDelete

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