Support us .Net Basics C# SQL ASP.NET ADO.NET MVC Slides C# Programs Subscribe Buy DVD

Part 68 - What is the use of NonAction attribute in mvc

Suggested Videos 
Part 65 - Deleting multiple rows
Part 66 - Check uncheck all checkboxes using jquery
Part 67 - Action selectors

In this video, we will discuss the use of NonAction attribute in asp.net mvc

The following questions could be asked in an interview
What is the use of NonAction attribute in MVC?
OR
How do you restrict access to public methods in a controller?



An action method is a public method in a controller that can be invoked using a URL. So, by default, if you have any public method in a controller then it can be invoked using a URL request. To restrict access to public methods in a controller, NonAction attribute can be used. Let's understand this with an example.



We have 2 public methods in HomeController, Method1() and Method2().
Method1 can be invoked using URL /Home/Method1
Method2 can be invoked using URL /Home/Method2
public class HomeController : Controller
{
    public string Method1()
    {
        return "<h1>Method 1 Invoked</h1>";
    }

    public string Method2()
    {
        return "<h1>Method 2 Invoked</h1>";
    }
}

Let's say Method2() is for doing some internal work, and we don't want it to be invoked using a URL request. To achieve this, decorate Method2() with NonAction attribute.
[NonAction]
public string Method2()
{
    return "<h1>Method 2 Invoked</h1>";
}

Now, if you naviage to URL /Home/Method2, you will get an error - The resource cannot be found.

Another way to restrict access to methods in a controller, is by making them private. 
private string Method2()
{
    return "<h1>Method 2 Invoked</h1>";
}

In general, it's a bad design to have a public method in a controller that is not an action method. If you have any such method for performing business calculations, it should be somewhere in the model and not in the controller.

However, if for some reason, if you want to have public methods in a controller and you don't want to treat them as actions, then use NonAction attribute.

1 comment:

  1. Hi Sir ur videos are very good , sir can u provide videos on WCF and JQuery..

    ReplyDelete

If you like this website, please share with your friends on facebook and Google+ and recommend us on google using the g+1 button on the top right hand corner.