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Part 17 - Self referencing association in entity framework with code first

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Part 14 - Conditional Mapping in entity framework
Part 15 - Conditional Mapping in entity framework with code first
Part 16 - Self referencing association in entity framework



In this video, we will discuss self referencing association in entity framework with code first approach. This is continuation to Part 16, where we discussed self-referencing association with database first approach. Please watch Part 16 before proceeding.



Step 1: Create a new empty asp.net web application project. Name it Demo. Install entity framework if it's not already installed.

Step 2: Add a class file to the project. Name it Employee.cs. Copy and paste the following code.
namespace Demo
{
    public class Employee
    {
        // Scalar properties
        public int EmployeeID { get; set; }
        public string EmployeeName { get; set; }
        public int? ManagerID { get; set; }

        // Navigation property
        public Employee Manager { get; set; }
    }
}

Step 3: Add a class file to the project. Name it EmployeeDBContext.cs. Copy and paste the following code.
using System.Data.Entity;
namespace Demo
{
    public class EmployeeDBContext : DbContext
    {
        public DbSet<Employee> Employees { get; set; }

        protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)
        {
            modelBuilder.Entity<Employee>()
                .HasOptional(e => e.Manager)
                .WithMany()
                .HasForeignKey(m => m.ManagerID);

            base.OnModelCreating(modelBuilder);
        }
    }
}

Step 4: Add the database connection string in web.config file.
<connectionStrings>
  <add name="EmployeeDBContext"
            connectionString="server=.; database=Sample; integrated security=SSPI;"
            providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" />
</connectionStrings>

Step 5: Add a webform to the project. Drag and drop a GridView control. 

Step 6: Copy and paste the following code in the code-behind file.
using System;
using System.Linq;
namespace Demo
{
    public partial class WebForm1 : System.Web.UI.Page
    {
        protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            EmployeeDBContext employeeDBContext = new EmployeeDBContext();
            GridView1.DataSource = employeeDBContext.Employees.Select(emp => new
            {
                EmployeeName = emp.EmployeeName,
                ManagerName = emp.Manager == null ?
                    "Super Boss" : emp.Manager.EmployeeName
            }).ToList();
            GridView1.DataBind();
        }
    }
}

Step 7: If you already have Sample database in SQL Server. Delete it from SQL Server Management Studio.

Step 8: Run the application. Sample database and Employees table must be created at this point. Notice that EmployeeID is marked as primary key and ManagerID is marked as foreign key.
Self referencing association in entity framework with code first

Step 9: Insert test data using the following SQL script
Insert into Employees values ('John', NULL)
Insert into Employees values ('Mark', NULL)
Insert into Employees values ('Steve', NULL)
Insert into Employees values ('Tom', NULL)
Insert into Employees values ('Lara', NULL)
Insert into Employees values ('Simon', NULL)
Insert into Employees values ('David', NULL)
Insert into Employees values ('Ben', NULL)
Insert into Employees values ('Stacy', NULL)
Insert into Employees values ('Sam', NULL)
GO

Update Employees Set ManagerID = 8 Where EmployeeName IN ('Mark', 'Steve', 'Lara')
Update Employees Set ManagerID = 2 Where EmployeeName IN ('Stacy', 'Simon')
Update Employees Set ManagerID = 3 Where EmployeeName IN ('Tom')
Update Employees Set ManagerID = 5 Where EmployeeName IN ('John', 'Sam')
Update Employees Set ManagerID = 4 Where EmployeeName IN ('David')
GO

Step 10: Reload web form and notice that the employee name and their respective manager name is is displayed as expected.

Entity Framework Tutorial

1 comment:

  1. Hi Sir, please explain what is the question mark in " public int? ManagerID". Thank you Sir.

    ReplyDelete

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