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Custom authorization handler success vs failure

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In this video we will discuss what an authorization handler can return and the impact it can have on the other handlers and the authorization policy.

When evaluating an authorization requirement a handler can return any of the following
  • Success - context.Succeed()
  • Failure  - context.Fail()
  • Nothing - Task.CompletedTask

It's very important we understand what the handler returns and the impact it can have on other handlers. If you have multiple handlers for a requirement
  • Failure takes precedence over success. This means
  • When one of the handlers return failure, the policy fails even if the other handlers return success
  • If none of the handlers return an explicit success, the policy will not succeed.
  • For a policy to succeed, an explicit success must be returned from one of the handlers, and no other handler must return an explicit failure
  • In general, do not return failure from a handler, as other handlers for the same requirement may succeed.
  • Only return an explicit failure, when you want to guarantee the failure of the policy even when the other handlers succeed.
  • By default, all handlers are called, irrespective of what a handler returns (success, failure or nothing). This is because in the other handlers, there might be something else going on besides evaluating requirements, may be logging for example.
  • If you do not want the rest of the handlers to be called, when a failure is returned, set InvokeHandlersAfterFailure property to false. The default is true.
Set InvokeHandlersAfterFailure property to false

We do this in ConfigureServices() method of the Startup class

services.AddAuthorization(options =>
    options.AddPolicy("EditRolePolicy", policy =>
        policy.AddRequirements(new ManageAdminRolesAndClaimsRequirement()));

    options.InvokeHandlersAfterFailure = false;
}); core tutorial for beginners

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