Support us .Net Basics C# SQL ASP.NET ADO.NET MVC Slides C# Programs Subscribe Buy DVD
Build lego disney princess castle | Making princess castle | Sewing Unicorn | Build lego smoothie van | Solve frozen elsa puzzle | Taj mahal jigsaw puzzle | Statue of liberty jigsaw puzzle | Coloring a cat | Frozen elsa and anna jigsaw puzzle | Build lego disney princess castle | Making princess castle | Sewing Unicorn | Build lego smoothie van | Solve frozen elsa puzzle | Taj mahal jigsaw puzzle | Statue of liberty jigsaw puzzle | Coloring a cat | Frozen elsa and anna jigsaw puzzle

_ViewStart.cshtml in ASP.NET Core MVC

Suggested Videos
Part 27 - List view in asp.net core mvc | Text | Slides
Part 28 - Layout view in asp.net core mvc | Text | Slides
Part 29 - Sections in layout page in ASP.NET Core MVC | Text | Slides

In this video, we will discuss what is _ViewStart.cshtml file and it's use in ASP.NET Core MVC


Setting the Layout property

We use the Layout property to associate a view with a layout view. Without the _ViewStart.cshtml file, we set the Layout property in each and every view. This violates DRY (Don't Repeat Yourself) principle, and has the following disadvantages
  1. Redundant code.
  2. Maintenance overhead. 

To use a different layout file, all the individual views need to be updated. This is not only tedious and time-consuming process, but also error prone.

What is _ViewStart.cshtml file in ASP.NET Core MVC

It's a special file in ASP.NET Core MVC. The code in this file is executed before the code in an individual view is executed. So this means, instead of setting the Layout property in each individual view, we can move that code into the _ViewStart.cshtml file.

@{
    Layout = "_Layout";
}

By setting the Layout property in _ViewStart.cshtml file maintaining our application becomes much easier. In the future, if we want to use a different layout file we just need to change the code in one place in _ViewStart.cshtml.

_ViewStart.cshtml file is hierarchical

We usually place the ViewStart file in the Views folder. Since this file is hierarchical we can also place it in any sub-folder in the Views folder.

_ViewStart.cshtml in ASP.NET Core MVC

In the folder hierarchy above, we have placed one ViewStart file in the Views folder and another ViewStart file in the Home sub-folder. The layout page specified in the ViewStart file in the Home sub-folder overwrites the layout page specified in the ViewStart file in the Views folder.

This means, all the views in the Views folder will use the the layout page specified in the ViewStart file in the Views, but then the views in the Home folder will use the layout page specified in the ViewStart file in the Home folder.

Please note : If you want to use a layout file that is different from what is specified in _ViewStart.cshtml, you can do so by setting the Layout property in an individual view. You can also set the Layout property to null, if you want your view to be rendered without a layout view.

Logic to select layout view

In an ASP.NET Core MVC application, we can have multiple layout views. Let's say for example, we have the following 2 layout views in our application.
  1. _AdminLayout.cshtml 
  2. _NonAdminLayout.cshtml
The following logic in _ViewStart.cshtml will select the layout view spending on the logged-in user role.

@{
    if (User.IsInRole("Admin"))
    {
        Layout = "_AdminLayout";
    }
    else
    {
        Layout = "_NonAdminLayout";
    }
}

asp.net core tutorial for beginners

No comments:

Post a Comment

If you like this website, please share with your friends on facebook and Google+ and recommend us on google using the g+1 button on the top right hand corner.