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Angular form control and form group

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In this video we will discuss FormControl and FormGroup classes

  • When working with reactive forms we create instances of FormControl and FormGroup classes to create a form model.
  • To bind an HTML <form> tag in the template to the FromGroup instance in the component class, we use formGroup directive
  • To bind an  HTML <input> element in the template to the FormControl instance in the component class, we use formControlName directive
  • formGroup and formControlName directives are provided by the ReactiveFormsModule
  • Both FormControl and FormGroup classes inherit from AbstractControl base class
  • The AbstractControl class has properties that help us track both FormControl and FormGroup value and state

The following are some of the useful properties provided by the AbstractControl class
  • value
  • errors
  • valid
  • invalid
  • dirty
  • pristine
  • touched
  • untouched
FormControl instance tracks the value and state of the individual html element it is associated with
FormGroup instance tracks the value and state of all the form controls in it's group

To see the form model we created using FormGroup and FormControl classes, log the employeeForm to the console.

onSubmit(): void {
  console.log(this.employeeForm);
}

On Save button click, you should see the following form model in the browser console.

angular form control and form group

To access the FormGroup properties use, employeeForm property in the component class. When you press DOT on the employeeForm property you can see all the available properties and methods.

angular formgroup example

To access a FormControl in a FormGroup, we can use one of the following 2 ways.

employeeForm.controls.fullName.value
employeeForm.get('fullName').value

Note: This same code works, both in the template and component class.

Please include the following HTML, just after the <form> tag, in the template, and you can see the property values change as you interact with the form controls on the form.

<table border="1">
  <tr>
    <th style="padding: 10px">FormGroup</th>
    <th style="padding: 10px">FormControl (fullName)</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td style="padding: 10px">
      touched : {{ employeeForm.touched }}
      <br/> dirty : {{ employeeForm.dirty }}
      <br/> valid : {{ employeeForm.valid }}
      <br/> Form Values : {{employeeForm.value | json}}
    </td>
    <td style="padding: 10px">
      touched : {{ employeeForm.get('fullName').touched }}
      <br/> dirty : {{ employeeForm.get('fullName').dirty }}
      <br/> valid : {{ employeeForm.get('fullName').valid }}
      <br/> FullName Value : {{employeeForm.get('fullName').value}}
    </td>
  </tr>
</table>

In addition to these properties, AbstractControl also provides the following methods. In our upcoming videos we will use these properties and methods for form validation and working with data.
  • setValidators()
  • clearValidators()
  • updateValueAndValidity()
  • setValue()
  • patchValue()
  • Reset()
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