Support us .Net Basics C# SQL ASP.NET ADO.NET MVC Slides C# Programs Subscribe Buy DVD

Web API versioning using a custom header

Suggested Videos
Part 34 - IHttpActionResult vs HttpResponseMessage
Part 35 - Web API versioning using URI
Part 36 - Web API versioning using querystring parameter

In this video we will discuss versioning a Web API Service using a custom version header. This is continuation to Part 36. Please watch Part 36 from Web API tutorial before proceeding.

In our previous video, we have implemented a CustomControllerSelector. At the moment, this CustomControllerSelector is retrieving the version number for a query string parameter.



To implement versioning using a custom version header, all we have to do is change the logic slightly int the CustomControllerSelector class to read the version number from the custom version header instead of from a query string parameter



The changes that are required are commented, so it is self-explanatory.

using System.Linq;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Web.Http;
using System.Web.Http.Controllers;
using System.Web.Http.Dispatcher;

namespace WebAPI.Custom
{
    public class CustomControllerSelector : DefaultHttpControllerSelector
    {
        private HttpConfiguration _config;

        public CustomControllerSelector(HttpConfiguration config) : base(config)
        {
            _config = config;
        }

        public override HttpControllerDescriptor
            SelectController(HttpRequestMessage request)
        {
            var controllers = GetControllerMapping();
            var routeData = request.GetRouteData();

            var controllerName = routeData.Values["controller"].ToString();

            // Default the version number to 1
            string versionNumber = "1";

            // Comment the code that gets the version number from Query String
            // var versionQueryString = HttpUtility.ParseQueryString(request.RequestUri.Query);
            // if (versionQueryString["v"] != null)
            // {
            //     versionNumber = versionQueryString["v"];
            // }

            // Get the version number from Custom version header
            // This custom header can have any name. We have to use this
            // same header to specify the version when issuing a request
            string customHeader = "X-StudentService-Version";
            if (request.Headers.Contains(customHeader))
            {
                versionNumber = request.Headers.GetValues(customHeader).FirstOrDefault();
            }

            HttpControllerDescriptor controllerDescriptor;
            if (versionNumber == "1")
            {
                controllerName = string.Concat(controllerName, "V1");
            }
            else
            {
                controllerName = string.Concat(controllerName, "V2");
            }

            if (controllers.TryGetValue(controllerName, out controllerDescriptor))
            {
                return controllerDescriptor;
            }

            return null;
        }
    }

}

At this point, build the solution and issue a request to /api/students using Fiddler. Notice we have not specified our custom version header in the request. We get back StudentV1 objects, this is because we have set version 1 as the default in our code.

web api custom header versioning

Response from the service
web api versioning custom header example

Let's issue another request using our custom version header as shown below.

web api custom version header example

Response from the service. Since we have specified the version as 2, we got StudentV2 objects back.
web api version custom header

ASP.NET Web API tutorial for beginners

1 comment:

  1. How to achieve this custom header funtionality when requested from a browser

    ReplyDelete

If you like this website, please share with your friends on facebook and Google+ and recommend us on google using the g+1 button on the top right hand corner.