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Logon triggers in sql server

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Part 93 - Server-scoped ddl triggers
Part 94 - SQL Server trigger execution order
Part 95 - Audit table changes in sql server



In this video we will discuss Logon triggers in SQL Server.



As the name implies Logon triggers fire in response to a LOGON event. Logon triggers fire after the authentication phase of logging in finishes, but before the user session is actually established. 

Logon triggers can be used for
1. Tracking login activity
2. Restricting logins to SQL Server
3. Limiting the number of sessions for a specific login

Logon trigger example : The following trigger limits the maximum number of open connections for a user to 3. 

CREATE TRIGGER tr_LogonAuditTriggers
ON ALL SERVER
FOR LOGON
AS
BEGIN
    DECLARE @LoginName NVARCHAR(100)

    Set @LoginName = ORIGINAL_LOGIN()

    IF (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM sys.dm_exec_sessions
         WHERE is_user_process = 1
         AND original_login_name = @LoginName) > 3
    BEGIN
         Print 'Fourth connection of ' + @LoginName + ' blocked'
         ROLLBACK
    END
END

An attempt to make a fourth connection, will be blocked.
logon triggers in sql server

The trigger error message will be written to the error log. Execute the following command to read the error log.
Execute sp_readerrorlog

logon trigger example sql server

2 comments:

  1. Please Help...I tried this video now i cant login to SQLserver and how can I revert it and login to SQLServer as I am locked out :(((( Thank you

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hello Venkat, I need your help. I also tried the alter trigger and then i was getting error message and then i execute alter trigger without IF statement and I log out of server and tried to login, Now it is not letting me login into SQL server, I am beginner in sql and I have no idea how to fix it and login into sql server, your help will be much appreciated ...Thank you

    -----------------------------------------------------------------

    The message I'm getting is like this follow:-

    Connect to Server
    Cannot connect tp LAPTOP-PRN\SQL2012
    Additional Information:
    Logon failed for login'LAPTOP-PRN\sonia'due to trigger execution.
    Changed database context to 'master'.
    Changed language setting to us_english.(Microsoft SQL Server,Error:17892)

    ----------------------------------------------------------------

    (I went into configuration manager and stopped the all servers e.g reporting,ssis..., and restarted only one sqlserver. But still error message coming)

    ReplyDelete

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