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Part 70 - Making method parameters optional by using OptionalAttribute

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Part 67 - Optional parameters
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Part 69 - Making method parameters optional by specifying parameter defaults



In this video, we will discuss making method parameters optional by using OptionalAttribute that is present in System.Runtime.InteropServices namespace

This method allows us to add any number of integers. 
public static void AddNumbers(int firstNumber, int secondNumber, 
    int[] restOfTheNumbers)
{
    int result = firstNumber + secondNumber;
    foreach (int i in restOfTheNumbers)
    {
        result += i;
    }

    Console.WriteLine("Total = " + result.ToString());
}



If we want to add 5 integers - 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50. We call the method as shown below.
AddNumbers(10, 20, new int[]{30, 40, 50});

At the moment all the 3 parameters are mandatory. If I want to add just 2 numbers, then I can invoke the method as shown below. Notice that, I am passing an empty integer array as the argument for the 3rd parameter.
AddNumbers(10, 20, new int[]{});

We can make the 3rd parameter optional by using OptionalAttribute that is present in System.Runtime.InteropServices namespace. Make sure you have "using" declaration for System.Runtime.InteropServices namespace.
public static void AddNumbers(int firstNumber, int secondNumber,
    [Optionalint[] restOfTheNumbers)
{
    int result = firstNumber + secondNumber;

    // loop thru restOfTheNumbers only if it is not null
    // otherwise you will get a null reference exception
    if (restOfTheNumbers != null)
    {
        foreach (int i in restOfTheNumbers)
        {
            result += i;
        }
    }

    Console.WriteLine("Total = " + result.ToString());
}

So, if we want to add just 2 numbers, we can now use the function as shown below.
AddNumbers(10, 20);

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